October 17, 2016

A Parent's Guide to ADHD

Dr. Barkley, a Clinical professor of psychiatry at the Medical University of South Carolina, discusses ADHD in a 5-part lecture for parents. He discusses the the primary symptoms of ADHD, the many causes of ADHD, treatment possibilities, school management, and principles for supporting your child. Dr. Barkley also discusses the risks associated with ADHD if it is left untreated, including those in the social, educational, developmental, and medical domains.

AD/HD is a developmental disorder in which children do not develop self-regulatory skills at the same rate, or to the same skill level, as their peers. The primary deficit in AD/HD is “Inhibition,” the ability to stop or resist an impulse. AD/HD is characterized by an underdeveloped ability to inhibit behavior, thoughts, and emotions. Children and adolescents with AD/HD fail to persist with an activity to achieve a goal or complete a task, they act without thinking or planning, and they show great difficulty with ignoring distractions. Children with AD/HD do not think of the consequences to their behaviors before acting and do not consider their long-term goals before acting. As a result, it frequently appears to parents and teachers that children are not learning from past experiences and are unable to plan for the future. Parents and teachers frequently report that they need to tell the child the same directions or rules repeatedly.

It is important to note that other factors may contribute to “AD/HD-like” behaviors. For example, children experiencing poor sleep may show signs of inattention during the day. Also, some children either “mentally escape” or become hyperactive in response to stressful events. Inattention is a core feature of anxiety. Others may present similar signs because they are not being challenged academically. Sometimes, parents do not think their child has AD/HD because of a symptom referred to as “hyperfocus.” Hyperfocus is another manifestation of regulating attention and understanding/managing time. In this case, parents often state that their child can focus for extended periods of time when playing videogames, using the Ipad, or some other stimulating or highly interesting activity. The ability to hyperfocus also acts like medication because it releases more dopamine into the brain. Some children present with symptoms of AD/HD that is due to another medical condition or the symptoms are side-effects of a medication.

  • What is ADHD?
  • What Causes ADHD?
  • The Treatments for Child and Adolescent ADHD Disorder
  • School Management of Children with ADHD
  • Link Between ADHD and Visual Impairment
  • The 12 Best Principles for Managing a Child or Teen With ADHD
  • ADHD Homework System: Teacher Assignment and Communicating
  • Not-So-Quick Fix: ADHD Behavioral Therapy May Be More Effective Than Drugs in the Long Run
  • What You Need to Know About ADHD
  • How Childhood Trauma Could Be Mistaken for ADHD
  • White Noise Benefits Kids with ADHD
  • The Difference Between Sensory Processing Issues and ADHD
  • Could Your Child Have ADHD? Find Out If Your Child Has ADHD, ADHD Symptoms
  • Symptoms of ADHD
  • ADD and ADHD the Same?�
  • The Beauty of a Brain That's Different
  • 'But You're Too Smart to Have ADHD'
  • What Relaxation May Mean When You Have ADHD�
  • What's ADHD (and What's Not) in the Classroom�
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder�
  • ADHD's Outdooor Cure� 9
  • Things You Didn't Know About ADHD and Learning Disabilities�
  • Autism and ADHD Have More in Common Than You Might Think�
  • ADHD Makes for Better Entrepreneurs�
  • Decades of Failing to Recognize ADHD in Girls Has Created a "Lost Generation" of Women
  • Is ADHD Different for Women and Girls?
  • Video: ADHD From a Child's Perspective
  • Mother of Five ADHD Children Shares Her Parenting Tips
  • Late Diagnosis, Little Treatment: What ADHD Looks Like in Girls and Women
  • What is the Difference Between ADHD and Sensory Intergration Disorder?
  • What It's Like to Have ADHD as a Grown Woman
  • Let the Wiggly Kids Wiggle
  • Why Can't We Be Friends?
  • People With ADHD Have Different Brains
  • The Myth of the Spoiled Child
  • "Am I Bad?"
  • 20 Things Parents Wish People Knew About ADHD


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